Western Influence in Ottoman Lands
Turkey
‘...Tanzimat Firman (1839) was declared bringing acceptance of Western principles and administrative organisation as it was applied to the Ottoman system.’
The process of change brought about by Westernisation can be considered in relation to the personalities of the sultans of the period, and accepted as a phenomenon parallel to their various cultural backgrounds and ways of thinking. As a result, Tanzimat Firman (1839) was declared bringing acceptance of Western principles and administrative organisation as it was applied to the Ottoman system.
Textile

Hegira 13th century / AD 19th century
Ottoman
National Museum of Oriental Art (Museo Nazionale d'Arte Orientale)
Rome, Italy
Characteristic motifs of Western art and architecture were applied to different kinds of handicrafts such as textiles, tiles, ceramics, miniatures and carpets.