Almost all the empire’s population, rich and poor, lived their lives from the cradle to the grave according to Islam. In their quest for Paradise they observed five daily prayers, preceded by thorough ablutions, gave charitably to the poor, fasted during the month of Ramadan
and tried to visit the Holy City of Mecca at least once in their lifetime. Important legal issues were based on religious law or Shari’a
, derived from the Holy Qur’an
and the traditions of the Prophet Muhammad. Every activity, inclusive of eating and the observance of personal hygiene, was undertaken ‘In the Name of Allah’ and with the sole intention of carrying out His wishes and pleasing Him.