Numerous Muslim immigrants seeking religious knowledge and piety, not to mention jihad
(holy war), were attracted to Syria, particularly Aleppo and Damascus. The Salihiyya quarter in Damascus, for example, was a nucleus of anti-Crusader propaganda and the residence of the Banu
Qudama, religious scholars of Palestinian origin who played a crucial role in Saladin’s victory over the Crusaders
in the decisive Battle of Hattin (583 / 1187).