As the Abbasids became preoccupied with revolts in southern Iraq and further east, their attention to what was going on in Egypt grew less focused, and Ibn
Tulun became increasingly autonomous, striking his own coinage
and expanding his territory to include Syria and Palestine. When the Abbasids tried to rein him in, he banned praying for the Abbasid caliph
at Friday prayers and removed the caliph’s name from the tiraz
textiles. However, this period of independence and control over the region gave Egypt a certain stability and prosperity. Many poets, scientists and artisans gravitated to Fustat. After Ibn
Tulun’s death (270 / 884) his son, two grandsons and brother succeeded him before the Abbasids were able to regain control of Egypt in 292 / 905.