Fatimid Egypt was famous for its luxury textile production and in particular the so-called dar al-tiraz
textile workshops in Damietta, Dabiq, Tanis, Alexandria and Shata. The Persian word tiraz
denotes an embroidered decorative band, attached near the edge of a fabric or a garment, that included blessings and – in the Fatimid period – the name of the ruling caliph
or high-ranking patron. Each tiraz
workshop had a designated manager to oversee the production, packing and transportation of the textiles, in particular those destined for the caliph
himself. The status of this individual was very high; he commanded an impressive salary and was honoured with a welcoming procession and reception whenever he visited Cairo.