Plate with lotus leaves
Raqqada, Kairouan, Tunisia
Museum of Islamic Art
Hegira, last third of the 4th century or beginning of the 5th century / AD 10th–11th centuries
Glazed and decorated ceramic.
Height 7 cm, diameter 27 cm; diameter (of base) 10 cm, thickness 0.6 cm
Raqqada or Kairouan.
Plate with circular base and curved rim. The beige background is tin-glazed with no slip. The decoration is in green and yellow ochre with lively floral and geometric patterns. On the rim there are repeated sequences of two green and one ochre semi-circle. A similar juxtaposition of tones is used to great effect in the middle of the plate, where a central six-pointed star is surrounded by alternating spirals and lotus leaves.
This striking combination of exuberance, richness and variety of ornamentation is rare in Oriental ceramics of this period. The colourful, stylised flora achieves a complex rhythmic effect.
The floral and geometric decoration on this ring-based dish combines green and yellow ochre. The richness and variety of its ornamentation are typical of Aghlabid ceramics, with the colours, hues and stylised flora creating a very varied rhythmic effect.
Raqqada, the Aghlabid capital, was built in 263 / 876. Since the plate was discovered on the excavation site, this date must be a terminus ante quem. Moreover, the colours and decoration of the piece are typical of the Aghlabid period, which ends with the advent of the Fatimids in 296 / 909. So it is probable that the latter date is the terminus post quem for the plate, even though the same type of work may have continued into the early Fatimid era.
The plate was among objects discovered on site during the 1960 excavations at Raqqada. Initially kept on site, the piece was put on display in 1986 at the Museum of Islamic Art at Raqqada.
The discovery of this plate, made and painted in the Ifriqiyan manner, on site at Raqqada appears to confirm that it was produced locally in the pottery workshops of Kairouan or Raqqada.
30 ans au service du patrimoine (exhibition catalogue), 1986, p.251.
Tunisie: du christianisme a l'islam (exhibition catalogue), Lattes, 2001, p.184.
Tunisie, terre de rencontres et de civilisation (Seville exhibition catalogue), Tunis,
Ifriqiya: Thirteen Centuries of Art and Architecture in Tunisia, pp.173–4.
Mourad Rammah "Plate with lotus leaves" in Discover Islamic Art, Museum With No Frontiers, 2017. http://www.discoverislamicart.org/database_item.php?id=object;ISL;tn;Mus01;19;en
Prepared by: Mourad RammahMourad Rammah
Né en 1953 à Kairouan, docteur en archéologie islamique, Mourad Rammah est le conservateur de la médina de Kairouan. Lauréat du prix Agha Khan d'architecture, il publie divers articles sur l'histoire de l'archéologie médiévale islamique en Tunisie et participe à différentes expositions sur l'architecture islamique. De 1982 à 1994, il est en charge du département de muséographie du Centre des arts et des civilisations islamiques. Mourad Rammah est également directeur du Centre des manuscrits de Kairouan.
Copyedited by: Margot Cortez
Translation by: David Ash
Translation copyedited by: Mandi Gomez
MWNF Working Number: TN 29
Islamic Dynasties / Period
On display in
Discover Islamic Art Exhibition(s)The Abbasids | Abbasid Ceramics
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