Name of Object:

Cup/Bowl

Location:

Silves, Faro, Portugal

Holding Museum:

Silves Municipal Archaeology Museum

Date of Object:

Hegira 4th century / AD 10th century

Museum Inventory Number:

MMAS 00115

Material(s) / Technique(s):

Ceramic with polychrome decoration.

Dimensions:

Height 4 cm, diameter (of rim) 15.6 cm, diameter (of base) 6.8 cm

Period / Dynasty

Umayyad of al-Andalus, Caliphate period

Provenance:

Courtyard adjacent to the cistern (now the site of Silves Municipal Archaeology Museum), Silves.

Description:

An open vessel, hemispherical in shape. It has a slightly everted semi-circular rim, a foot-ring, and is made from light-coloured paste. The surfaces are enamelled with polychrome decoration. In the centre there is a simple and charming depiction of a lotus bulb which is a symbol of eternal life. This type of piece, from its shape, especially its ring foot, indicates Iberian production in imitation of an oriental style. In addition to the decorated base the rim of the object also has a discontinuous decorative wavy line interrupted in three places.

View Short Description

Bowl made in the Iberian Peninsula based on oriental models. This AH 4th / AD 10th century piece has a quite naïve representation of a lotus bulb in its centre, a symbol of the eternity of life.

How date and origin were established:

On the basis of its archaeological context and ceramics of a similar style.

How Object was obtained:

Housed in the Silves Municipal Archaeology Museum after the excavation carried out in the 1980s.

How provenance was established:

Excavation carried out in Silves in the courtyard next to the cistern, directed by Mário Varela Gomes. Inventory number Silves 3, Q37 – C3.

Selected bibliography:

Portugal Islâmico: Os últimos Sinais do Mediterrâneo, 1998, p.98.
Gomes, R. V., Palácio Almóada da Alcáçova de Silves, Lisbon, 2001, p.57. (37)
Gomes, R. V., Silves (Xelb), Uma Cidade do Gharb Al-Andalus, Arqueologia e História (Séculos VIII–XIII), Lisbon, 1999.
Gomes, R. V., “Silves (Xelb): Uma cidade do Gharb Al-Andalus: A Alcaçova”, Cadernos do Instituto Portuguès de Arqueologia, Lisbon, 2004, p.402.

Citation of this web page:

Maria da Conceição Amaral "Cup/Bowl" in Discover Islamic Art, Museum With No Frontiers, 2017. http://www.discoverislamicart.org/database_item.php?id=object;ISL;pt;Mus01_B;27;en

Prepared by: Maria da Conceição AmaralMaria da Conceição Amaral

Licenciada em História de Arte (Univ. Coimbra) e pós-graduada em Gestão Cultural nas Cidades (INDEG/ISCTE).
Entre 1993-2002, na Comissão Nacional dos Descobrimentos Portugueses, foi responsável pelo comissariado executivo, produção e gestão de grandes exposições e catálogos, e coordenadora de itinerâncias internacionais, realizadas em Portugal e no Estrangeiro. Destacam-se “Memórias Árabo-Islâmicas em Portugal”, “Culturas do Índico”, “Marrocos – Portugal: Portas do Mediterrâneo”. É sócia-gerente da empresa TerraCulta, Lda, onde desenvolve projectos de conceptualização, gestão e produção cultural. É Directora do Museu de Arqueologia de Silves e do Centro de Interpretação do Património Islâmico. É vice-presidente da Associação Multiculti – culturas do Mediterrâneo e integra a equipa portuguesa da Fundação Euromediterrânica Ann Lindh para o diálogo das civilizações.

Translation by: Gilla Evans
Translation copyedited by: Monica Allen

MWNF Working Number: PT 37

RELATED CONTENT

 Artistic Introduction

 Timeline for this item

Islamic Dynasties / Period

Umayyads of al-Andalus


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