Name of Object:

Batta jug

Location:

Fez, Morocco

Holding Museum:

Batha Museum

Date of Object:

Hegira 13th century / AD 19th century

Artist(s) / Craftsperson(s):

Ceramicists of Fez and Meknès.

Museum Inventory Number:

46.1.1018

Material(s) / Technique(s):

Lead-glazed ceramic.

Dimensions:

Height 14 cm, diameter 22 cm

Period / Dynasty

Alawid

Provenance:

Fez or Meknès.

Description:

With its shrunken neck and large hanging rim and spout, this small jug with a round belly is reminiscent of Phoenico-Carthaginian bobeche jugs. These batta jugs, commonly used to hold lamp oil in the AH 13th / AD 19th century, were made in Fez and Meknès in several sizes. This example is decorated with vertical flutes on the belly and a cord ribbon. Similar jugs could be decorated with two lines of small circles stamped above and below this ribbon. Jugs covered with green tin glaze like this one were intended for regions in the south of Morocco, in particular the oases of the Ziz Valley. For urban markets, Fez ceramicists made the jugs in the same shape but with much more elaborate polychrome decoration, using plant and flower motifs from the Moroccan-Andalusian repertoire.

View Short Description

The neck and rim of this small jug, known as a batta, are reminiscent of Carthaginian bobeche jugs. This is a traditional shape for recipients used for lamp oil, and was made in Fez and Meknès for the southern regions of Morocco.

How date and origin were established:

This type of jug was no longer produced in the early 20th century.

How Object was obtained:

Purchased.

How provenance was established:

Purchased in Fez.

Selected bibliography:

Bel, A., “Potiers et faïenciers de Fès: les produits de leur fabrication; leurs croyances et leurs légendes”, France-Maroc, no. 3, 1919, pp.78–82.
Bel, A., Les industries de la céramique à Fès, Algiers; Paris, 1918.
Khatib-Boujibar, N., “La céramique émaillée”, in Maroc, les trésors du Royaume, catalogue, Paris, 1999.
Loviconi, A. and Belfitah, D., Regards sur la faïence de Fès, Aix-en-Provence, 1991.
Andalusian Morocco: A Discovery in Living Art, pp.128–9.

Citation of this web page:

Naima El Khatib-Boujibar "Batta jug" in Discover Islamic Art, Museum With No Frontiers, 2017. http://www.discoverislamicart.org/database_item.php?id=object;ISL;ma;Mus01_C;47;en

Prepared by: Naima El Khatib-BoujibarNaima El Khatib-Boujibar

Archéologue et historienne de l'art, titulaire d'une licence en lettres (française), N. Elkhatib-Boujibar a également étudié l'archéologie et l'histoire de l'art à l'Institut d'art et d'archéologie de Paris, l'art islamique et la muséologie à l'École du Louvre (Paris), et suivi des cours à l'Institut d'ethnographie de l'Université de Neuchâtel (Suisse). Elle a occupé plusieurs postes de responsabilité, parmi lesquels directrice des Musées et de l'Archéologie, inspectrice générale des Musées et de l'Archéologie, déléguée régionale du ministère de la Culture.
Elle a dirigé un chantier de fouille durant 20 ans et enseigné à l'Institut national marocain des sciences de l'archéologie et du patrimoine (INSAP). Elle a organisé différentes expositions sur le patrimoine marocain, au Maroc comme à l'étranger, et animé des cycles de conférence, dont celui sur l'art islamique à la “Villa des Arts” à Casablanca.
N. El Khatib-Boujibar a publié différents articles sur le patrimoine archéologique, artistique et architectural marocain, mais aussi sur d'autres sites islamiques et sur les arts mobiliers. Elle a également participé à la rédaction du catalogue Musée Sans Frontières Le Maroc andalou, à la rencontre d'un art de vivre.

Copyedited by: Margot Cortez
Translation by: Laurence Nunny
Translation copyedited by: Monica Allen

MWNF Working Number: MO 72

RELATED CONTENT

 Artistic Introduction

 Timeline for this item

Islamic Dynasties / Period

Alawids


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The Muslim West | Settlements and Domestic Life

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Ceramics

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