Name of Object:

House door

Location:

Fez, Morocco

Holding Museum:

Batha Museum

Date of Object:

Hegira 8th / AD 14th century

Museum Inventory Number:

45. 110

Material(s) / Technique(s):

Wood and wrought iron.

Dimensions:

Height 217 cm, length 110 cm

Period / Dynasty

Marinid

Provenance:

Fez.

Description:

This house door consists of a heavy rectangular leaf, itself containing a smaller gate. It would have originally closed on an exterior frame that was fixed to the wall. It is fitted with a large wrought-iron strap hinge in the shape of twisted tridents that act as clamps. It is also fitted with two knockers, one on the gate, and the other on the door itself to enable men riding mules to knock without dismounting. Each one consists of a large square-section iron ring decorated with small carved motifs and mounted on a hemispherical support with a serrated edge. The nails, whose round heads followed the lines of frame and the cross-pieces, constitute the main decoration of the door, which is a prototype of Marinid and Nasrid house doors of rich and poor alike. This style continued to exist in almost all Moroccan towns until the middle of the 20th century, and the trident-shaped strap hinges remain a distinctive sign of the homes of families of Andalusian origin in Tetouan.

View Short Description

This door is decorated with a wrought-iron strap hinge in the form of twisted tridents, which remained a distinctive sign of households of Andalusian origin in Tetouan until the mid-20th century.

How date and origin were established:

The house from which the door came was from the Marinid era.

How Object was obtained:

Salvage.

How provenance was established:

Object salvaged from ruins.

Selected bibliography:

Gallotti, J., Le jardin et la maison arabes au Maroc, Vol. I, Paris, 1926.
Miège, J.-L., Benaboud, M. and Erzini, N., Tétouan, ville andalouse, Paris, 1996.

Citation of this web page:

Naima El Khatib-Boujibar "House door" in Discover Islamic Art, Museum With No Frontiers, 2017. http://www.discoverislamicart.org/database_item.php?id=object;ISL;ma;Mus01_C;23;en

Prepared by: Naima El Khatib-BoujibarNaima El Khatib-Boujibar

Archéologue et historienne de l'art, titulaire d'une licence en lettres (française), N. Elkhatib-Boujibar a également étudié l'archéologie et l'histoire de l'art à l'Institut d'art et d'archéologie de Paris, l'art islamique et la muséologie à l'École du Louvre (Paris), et suivi des cours à l'Institut d'ethnographie de l'Université de Neuchâtel (Suisse). Elle a occupé plusieurs postes de responsabilité, parmi lesquels directrice des Musées et de l'Archéologie, inspectrice générale des Musées et de l'Archéologie, déléguée régionale du ministère de la Culture.
Elle a dirigé un chantier de fouille durant 20 ans et enseigné à l'Institut national marocain des sciences de l'archéologie et du patrimoine (INSAP). Elle a organisé différentes expositions sur le patrimoine marocain, au Maroc comme à l'étranger, et animé des cycles de conférence, dont celui sur l'art islamique à la “Villa des Arts” à Casablanca.
N. El Khatib-Boujibar a publié différents articles sur le patrimoine archéologique, artistique et architectural marocain, mais aussi sur d'autres sites islamiques et sur les arts mobiliers. Elle a également participé à la rédaction du catalogue Musée Sans Frontières Le Maroc andalou, à la rencontre d'un art de vivre.

Copyedited by: Margot Cortez
Translation by: Laurence Nunny
Translation copyedited by: Monica Allen

MWNF Working Number: MO 28

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 Artistic Introduction

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Marinids and Wattasids


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