Madaba Archaeological Museum
Hegira first half of the 2nd century / AD first half of the 8th century
Cast, leaded bronze.
Height 14.8 cm, width 12.5 cm, weight 564 g
Hallado en Umm al-Walid (Jordania).
An intact, zoomorphic kettle made of leaded bronze. A representation of a camel bearing a load or a seat, a tripod would once have held the kettle in place above a brazier to heat the contents; the mouth of the camel is the spout, and the lid contacted to the handle.
This kettle is an extremely important object not only because of the rarity of metalwork in the Umayyad period, but also symbolically, for the camel is a highly significant creature in the Arab world considering that only a few hundred years ago, caravans of 120,000 camels – up to six miles long – would have travelled across the desert linking Middle Eastern cities from Arabia to Jerusalem.
A kettle of leaded bronze from Umm al-Walid, representing a camel bearing a load or a seat. The mouth of the camel is the spout. A tripod would once have held the kettle in place above a brazier to heat the contents.
The object was dated by its stratigraphic context, and association with Umayyad pottery vessels and shards also found at the site.
This kettle was found during archaeological excavations at Umm al-Walid (15 km south-east of Madaba) in 1992 where, earlier, a palace and a mosque were discovered. Ceramic vessels and other metalwork were also uncovered at this site.
Where this kettle was produced is unknown but it was found during an archaeological excavation at Umm al-Walid near Madaba.
Bujard, J., and Schweizer, F., Entre Byzance et l'Islam: Umm er-Rasas et Umm el-Walid – Fouilles genevoises en Jordanie, Geneva, 1992, p.17, fig. 11/4; p.18, fig. 14.
Haldimann, M. A., Les Implantations omeyyades dans la Balqa: l'apport d'Umm el-Walid, Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan, XXXVI, 1992, pp.307–18 (especially p.315).
Aida Naghawy "Kettle" in Discover Islamic Art, Museum With No Frontiers, 2017. http://www.discoverislamicart.org/database_item.php?id=object;ISL;jo;Mus01_A;7;en
Prepared by: Aida NaghawyAida Naghawy
Aida Naghawy is an archaeologist and the Director of Jordan Archaeological Museum. She studied archaeology at the University of Jordan where she gained her MA. She was affiliated to the Jordanian Department of Antiquities from 1974 as a curator of Jordan Archaeological Museum. In 1981 she became inspector of Jerash antiquities and co-ordinator of the Jerash International Rehabilitation project. She was also head of the archaeological awareness section at the Department of Antiquities. Aida is the author of numerous publications on Islamic coins. She has carried out excavation work in Jerash and is the founder of Jerash Archaeological Museum and the Islamic Museum of the Ministry of Awqaf and Islamic Affairs.
Copyedited by: Mandi Gomez
MWNF Working Number: JO 09
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