Name of Object:

Coin (dinar)

Location:

Rome, Italy

Holding Museum:

National Museum of Oriental Art (Museo Nazionale d’Arte Orientale)

About National Museum of Oriental Art (Museo Nazionale d’Arte Orientale), Rome

Date of Object:

Hegira 403 / AD 1012

Museum Inventory Number:

10474/ 11563

Material(s) / Technique(s):

Gold / minting.

Dimensions:

Diameter 2.2 cm; weight 4.17 g

Period / Dynasty

Fatimid; reign of al-Hakim

Provenance:

Egypt.

Description:

The coin, produced at the Egyptian mint, can be dated to the reign of Abu ‘Ali al-Hakim bi-‘amr Allah (AH 386–411 / AD 996–1021). The coin has a four-line inscription with kufic characters on both sides. The inscription on the front reads ‘‘Alî lâ ilâ illâ Allâh wahda-hu lâ sarik la-hu Muhammad rasûl Allâh wâli Allâh’ (‘There is no God but Allah, the One, there is none like unto him. Muhammad is the Messenger of God’) and the inscription around the edge reads ‘Muhammad rasûl Allâh arsala-hu bi-l-hudâ wa al-haqq li-yuzhira-hu alâ al-dîn kulli-hi wa la-hu kariha al-musrikûn’ (‘Muhammad is the messenger of God. He has sent His messenger with the guidance and the true religion, and will make it dominate all religions, in spite of the idol worshipers’).
The inscription ‘Abd Allâh wûliya al-Mansûr Abû Ali al-imâm al-Hakîm bi-amr Allâh amir al-mu’ minîn’ appears in the middle of the front side, and the edge bears the inscription ‘bismi-llâh duriba hadâ-l-l-dînâr bi-Mis'r sana talat wa arba maya’ (‘This coin was minted in the name of God in Egypt in the year three and four hundred’).

View Short Description

The dinar, which takes its name from its Byzantine predecessor the denarius, is decorated with an inscription in kufic characters. This coin was minted during the reign of the Caliph al-Hakim.

How date and origin were established:

From the inscription on the edge of the obverse.

How Object was obtained:

Purchase.

How provenance was established:

From the inscription on the edge of the obverse.

Selected bibliography:

Lane-Poole S., Catalogue of Oriental Coins in the British Museum, IV, London, 1879, p.21, fig. 85.

Citation of this web page:

Paola Torre "Coin (dinar)" in Discover Islamic Art, Museum With No Frontiers, 2017. http://www.discoverislamicart.org/database_item.php?id=object;ISL;it;Mus01;23;en

Prepared by: Paola TorrePaola Torre

Responsabile del Dipartimento di Archeologia e Arte Islamica e del Servizio Educativo presso il Museo Nazionale d'Arte Orientale “Giuseppe Tucci” di Roma.
Laureata in Arte islamica, ha svolto per anni attività di docenza presso l'Istituto Universitario Orientale di Napoli ed è autrice di numerose pubblicazioni e studi scientifici riguardanti soprattutto la ceramica del mondo islamico, con particolare riferimento alla produzione dipinta a lustro metallico, dalla Mesopotamia alla Spagna.

Copyedited by: Pier Paolo RacioppiPier Paolo Racioppi

Laureato e specializzato in storia dell'arte presso l'Università di Roma “La Sapienza” sta conseguendo il dottorato di ricerca in Storia e conservazione dell'oggetto d'arte e d'architettura presso l'Università di Roma TRE. Ha svolto attività seminariali presso l'Istituto di Storia dell'Arte all'Università La Sapienza di Roma e attualmente è docente di storia dell'arte del Rinascimento presso la IES at Luiss (Roma).
Ha pubblicato diversi contributi sulla tutela artistica, il collezionismo e le accademie d'arte, ed ha collaborato al Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani dell'Enciclopedia Treccani.

Translation by: Laurence Nunny
Translation copyedited by: Monica Allen

MWNF Working Number: IT 24

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