Name of Object:

Lintel

Location:

M’sila, Algeria

Holding Museum:

Museum of M’sila (National Agency of Archaeology)

About Museum of M’sila (National Agency of Archaeology), M’sila

Date of Object:

Hegira 406–547 / AD 1015–1152

Museum Inventory Number:

212

Material(s) / Technique(s):

Sculpted grey marble.

Dimensions:

Height 31 cm, length 60 cm, width 36 cm, thickness 15 cm

Period / Dynasty

Hammadid

Provenance:

Qasr al-Manar, Qal’at Bani Hammad, Algeria.

Description:

Piece of grey marble whose form evokes that of a poly-lobed arch. Its face is bordered by a relief of sculpted double curvilinear lines that meet and interlace in the middle of the base, generating a concave decorative feature at the centre in the shape of shells or flower petals.
Architectural elements of this kind were used to decorate the façades of palatial buildings.

View Short Description

The shape of this lintel is reminiscent of a poly-lobed arch. The front is edged with two curved lines carved in relief that intertwine to create a central, sunken element in the shape of a shell or petalled flower. Such architectural elements were used to decorate the façades of palaces.

How date and origin were established:

The piece was found in the Qal'at Bani Hammad (5th–6th / 11th–12th centuries).

How Object was obtained:

Archaeological repository (Bourouiba excavations, 1971).

How provenance was established:

Found in situ in the Qasr al-Manar.

Selected bibliography:

Bourouiba, R., Cités disparues: Tahert, Sédrata, Achir, Kalaâ des Beni Hammad, Algiers, 1982.
Bourouiba, R., Les H'ammadites, Algiers, 1984.

Citation of this web page:

Ali Benbella "Lintel" in Discover Islamic Art, Museum With No Frontiers, 2017. http://www.discoverislamicart.org/database_item.php?id=object;ISL;dz;Mus01;22;en

Prepared by: Ali BenbellaAli Benbella

Maître-assistant à l'Institut d'archéologie de l'université d'Alger, titulaire d'un magister en archéologie islamique, conservateur du patrimoine archéologique et historique, ancien chef du service Conservation et Valorisation (section islamique) au Musée national des antiquités, Ali Benbella a participé à plusieurs fouilles sur les sites médiévaux algériens de Mansourah (Tlemcen) et Achir (Médéa). Il a contribué à la réalisation de plusieurs expositions et catalogues établis par le Musée national des antiquités, entre autres Arts Céramiques et L'art islamique d'après une collection privée, et participé à la deuxième conférence sur les “Musées de la Méditerranée, nouveaux concepts et nouvelles perspectives” (Stockholm, 09-12 mai 2003).
Parmi ses publications, il faut citer sa contribution aux Cahiers d'Achir (rapport de fouilles, 1994), ainsi que plusieurs articles en arabe dans la revue Annales du Musée national des antiquités, le dernier sous le titre : “Pavillon des arts islamiques du Musée national des antiquités”. Il est l'auteur, dans le Medelhavsmuseet Bulletin (Stockholm, 2004), d'un article en anglais intitulé : “The National Museum of Antiquities in Algiers”.

Copyedited by: Margot Cortez
Translation by: Maria Vlotides
Translation copyedited by: Monica Allen

MWNF Working Number: AL 32

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Islamic Dynasties / Period

Hammadids


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