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Folio from the 'Blue Qur'an'
New York, United States of America
The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Hegira 3rd–4th century / AD second half of the 9th–mid-10th century
Gold and silver on indigo-dyed parchment
Probably Qayrawan, Tunisia
This folio comes from the Blue Qur'an, so named for the rich hue of its indigo-dyed surface. The dyeing of parchment for use in luxurious manuscripts originated in Byzantine tradition and continued into the early Islamic period. The gold and silver ink of the kufic text and circular verse markers add to the opulence of this folio. While many scholars believe this Qur’an to have originated in Qayrawan, Tunisia, details in its verse markers have led others to argue that it may have actually been produced in Umayyad Córdoba. Nevertheless, a description of a manuscript with the same specifications as this one appeared in an inventory of the Mosque of Qayrawan in AH 693 / AD 1293, indicating that it was part of the mosque’s endowment by this time.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Purchase, Lila Acheson Wallace Gift, 2004
"Folio from the 'Blue Qur'an'" in Explore Islamic Art Collections. Museum With No Frontiers, 2018. http://www.discoverislamicart.org/database_item.php?id=object;EPM;us;Mus23;48;en
MWNF Working Number: US3 48