Photograph: Antonio Ventura,  © DDF/IMC,I.P Photograph: Antonio Ventura,  © DDF/IMC,I.PPhotograph: Antonio Ventura,  © DDF/IMC,I.P © DDF/IMC,I.P


Name of Object:

Coach belonging to King João V

Location:

Lisbon, Portugal

Holding Museum:

National Coach Museum

Date of Object:

First half of the 18th century

Artist(s) / Craftsperson(s):

José de Almeida (1700, Portugal–1769, Portugal); Felix Vicente de Almeida (n.d.–1785, Portugal); Filipe Juvara (1685, Messina, Italy–1735, Madrid, Spain); José da Costa Negreiros (1714, Portugal – 1759, Portugal); Pierre-Antoine Quillard (1701, Paris, France–1733, Lisbon, Portugal)

Museum Inventory Number:

MNC/V 0012

Material(s) / Technique(s):

Wood, leather, bronze, glass, silk and velvet; wood: carved, painted and gilded; bronze: melted, soldered, gilded

Dimensions:

H: 641 cm; w: 215 cm; depth: 342 cm

Workshop / Movement:

International Baroque movement; Rococo style

Provenance:

Royal Household (1905)

Description:

A brilliant example of a royal ceremonial vehicle, the coach was built in Portugal during the first half of the 18th century. It is generally agreed that it was commissioned by King D. João V for his personal use. Its gilt carving is attributed to the sculptor José de Almeida whose brother, Felix Vicente de Almeida, was an architect and sculptor attached to the royal household. The coach clearly reflects the transition between the Louis XIV and Louis XV styles, although there is also an obvious Italian influence in the decoration. This is not surprising since José de Almeida studied in Rome under Carlo Monaldi. According to Max Terrier the coachwork may have been executed by Filipe Juvara, an Italian sculptor working in Portugal for King D. João V.
The main features are the elegant curving lines and the Rococo-style rippling movement enhanced by the bombé shape of the side panels and doors, typical of Regency furniture during the period (1715–1723). The four side-sections of the body bear elegant carvings of female figures holding castles, attended by genii. The bodywork is covered by woodcarving and chiselled bronze finials, handles and springs, in the form of young women's heads, known as espagnolettes, much in vogue all over Europe at the time. According to Luciano Freire the paintings were executed by José da Costa Negreiros, a Portuguese painter and a disciple of André Gonçalves. On the other hand Luis Keil believes the painting could be attributed to the French painter, Pierre Antoine Quillard, (1701-33) a disciple of Antoine Watteau. Apparently, Quillard arrived in Lisbon to serve the Portuguese court where “he executed not only religious paintings but also portraits, palace interiors and coach panels”.
The interior of the coach is lined with rich red velvet and the rear wheels are decorated with small carvings representing the 12 signs of the zodiac.

View Short Description

This coach was built in Portugal during the first half of the 18th century.
Decorated in the rococo style with French and Italian influences, it has a closed body with elegant curving lines and glazed windows. The interior of the coach is lined with red velvet and the rear wheels are decorated with the 12 signs of the zodiac.

Original Owner:

King D. João V

How date and origin were established:

Historical evidence and stylistic analysis

How Object was obtained:

The coach belonged to the Portuguese royal household. It was given to the museum when it was founded in 1905 by Queen D. Amelia of Orleans and Braganza.

Selected bibliography:

Freire, L., Catálogo do Museu Nacional dos Coches, Lisbon, 1923.
Keil, L., Catálogo do Museu Nacional dos Coches, Lisbon, 1964.
Guedes, M. N. C., O Museu Nacional dos Coches, Lisbon, 1986.
Bessone, S., O Museu Nacional dos Coches, Lisbon, 1993.

Additional Copyright Information:

Copyright images: Divisão de Documentação Fotográfica/ Instituto dos Museus e da Conservação, I.P.

Citation of this web page:

Maria Ana  Bobone "Coach belonging to King João V" in Discover Islamic Art, Museum With No Frontiers, 2018. http://www.discoverislamicart.org/database_item.php?id=object;BAR;pt;Mus11_A;22;en

Prepared by: Maria Ana BoboneMaria Ana Bobone

SURNAME: Bobone
NAME: Maria Ana

AFFILIATION: National Coach Museum, Lisbon

TITLE: Senior Curator

CV:
Maria Ana Bobone is a History graduate with an MA in Art History and Museology. She is a Senior Curator at the National Coach Museum in Lisbon.

Translation by: Lili Cavalheiro, Maria Ana BoboneMaria Ana Bobone

SURNAME: Bobone
NAME: Maria Ana

AFFILIATION: National Coach Museum, Lisbon

TITLE: Senior Curator

CV:
Maria Ana Bobone is a History graduate with an MA in Art History and Museology. She is a Senior Curator at the National Coach Museum in Lisbon.

Translation copyedited by: Mandi Gomez

MWNF Working Number: PT 25

RELATED CONTENT

 Artistic Introduction

 Timeline for this item


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