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Name of Monument:
Sabil (Water Dispensary) and Kuttab (Qur’anic School) of ‘Abd al-Rahman KatkhudaLocation:
The building is located on al-Muizz li Din Allah Street (bayna al-Qasrain) at its intersection with Tambakshia Street. This area is rich in Islamic monuments from different eras. The monument is opposite the Mamluk Palace of Amir Bashtak, Cairo, EgyptDate of the monument:
Hegira 1157 / AD 1744Period / Dynasty:
The Commander 'Abd al-Rahman Katkhuda ibn Husayn Jawish al-Qardughli, who occupied the post of Overseer of Awqaf (Endowments) in AH 1161 / AD 1748. Many buildings in Cairo are associated with him.Description:
This monument has a special artistic importance, for it is a free-standing complex that consists of a sabil (water dispensary) and a kuttab (Qur'an school) both of which display many of the glories of Islamic art specific to the Ottoman period. The building represents the style of sabil that has three windows and which is a blend of the Mamluk and Ottoman styles.How monument was dated:
The sabil has three facades (south, north and west) that are identical and equal in length. Each façade contains a semi-circular arch, which is supported by two spiral marble pillars. In the middle of the arch is a large opening from which cups of water may be obtained for passers-by (windows for the procurement of water or tasbil).
The opening seen here sits within a semi-circular arch supported by two marble spiral pillars. The tasbil are covered with copper grills in the form of intersecting tri-lobed arches; these allow drinking-cups to be passed through them. The spandrels of the arches are decorated with splendid geometric designs executed in fine polychrome marble. The walls of the outer façade contain interlocked stone courses in the form of whirling vegetal leaves. The façade of the sabil is crowned with nine tiers of muqarnas, which bear the floor of the first storey containing the kuttab. The entrance to the sabil is located on Tambakshiyya Street, to the left of the southern façade, and resembles the Mamluk portal. The entrance is composed of a recessed wall crowned with a tri-lobed arch and a semi-dome decorated with tiers of muqarnas. In the middle of the recessed wall is the door to the sabil the straight, top lintel of which is adorned with carved verses of poetry. Above the lintel there is a marble decorative unit comprising a central circle. It contains the foundation text surrounded by four tiny circles.
The entrance to the sabil leads to a small vestibule, which contains three doors: the first is located to the right of the entrance and leads to the cistern chamber; the second is to the left of the entrance and leads to the room from which the water is distributed hograt al-tasbil (water dispensing room), and the third is at the rear of the vestibule leading to the stairs and up to the kuttab. The floor-plan of the water-dispensing room is rectangular (3.50 m x 4.50 m). Three windows are located within the recessed areas of the room's three walls, which overlook the street. The walls of the room are panelled with blue-glazed ceramic tiles and decorated with a multiplicity of vegetal decoration. The southern wall contains a panel of glazed tiles depicting a view of the Holy Ka'aba and the buildings surrounding it.
The kuttab, or school room, has a rectangular floor-plan of the same dimensions as the hograt al-tasbil. The kuttab overlooks the street from three directions by means of three mashrabiyya, and it has seven marble pillars, which resemble the pillars on the façade. The pillars are topped by six stone pointed arches, crowned with an inclined wooden awning. A balcony projects from the kuttab, characterised by 14 exquisite slim wooden pillars which bear 15 arches supported by balustrades, made from beautiful turned wood. The balcony is roofed with a wooden awning that is lower than the first.
The building was dated based on an inscription above the entrance that includes the name of the sponsor and the date of construction. Furthermore, a waqf deed is preserved in the archives of the Ministry of Awqaf or Endowments (file no. 941, dated 1158 ), it also gives the name of the builder.Selected bibliography:
Briggs, M. S., Muhammaden Architecture in Egypt and Palestine, Oxford, 1924.Citation:
Al-Hussaini, Mahmoud H., Al-Asbila al-Othmaniya bi madinat al-Qahira [The Ottoman Sabils in the City of Cairo], Cairo, 1999.
Khalifa, R., Al-Balatat al-Khazafiya ala al-'Ama'ir bil Qahira [Glazed Tiles on Architecture in Cairo], MA thesis, University of Cairo, 1977.
Raymond, A., Le Caire des Janissaires: L'Apogée de la Ville Ottomane sous Abd al-Rahman Katkhuda, Paris, 1995.
Sameh, Kamal al-Din, Athar al-Amir Abd al-Rahman Katkhuda al-Mi'mariya bil Qahira [Architectural Monuments of the Amir Abd al-Rahman Katkhuda in Cairo], PhD thesis, University of Cairo, 1947.
Tarek Torky "Sabil (Water Dispensary) and Kuttab (Qur’anic School) of ‘Abd al-Rahman Katkhuda" in Discover Islamic Art. Place: Museum With No Frontiers, 2013. http://www.discoverislamicart.org/database_item.php?id=monument;ISL;eg;Mon01;20;en
Prepared by: Tarek Torky
Copyedited by: Majd Musa
Translation by: Amal Sachedina (from the Arabic).
Translation copyedited by: Mandi Gomez
MWNF Working Number: ET 20